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Bosnia Herzegovina Population


The population of Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 3,964,000, which placed it as number 120 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 8% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 20% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 98 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 1.13%. The population density in 2002 was 67 per sq km (173 per sq mi).

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 43% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Sarajevo, had a population of 522,000 in that year. According to the UN, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 2.3%.

Civil strife greatly reduced the population through war, genocide, and emigration. By 1996, there were an estimated two million Bosnian refugees and displaced persons. That year, there were an estimated 25,000 more deaths than births, creating a population decrease of 1%. By 2000 the population rose slightly to an estimated 3,591,618.


4,613,414 (July 2009 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 14.5% (male 344,760/female 323,303)
15-64 years: 70.7% (male 1,645,274/female 1,617,136)
65 years and over: 14.8% (male 279,781/female 403,160) (2009 est.)

Median age
total: 39.8 years
male: 38.7 years
female: 41 years (2008 est.)

Population growth rate
0.339% (2009 est.)

Birth rate
8.82 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Death rate
8.54 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate
3.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate
total: 9.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.44 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
total population: 78.5 years
male: 74.92 years
female: 82.34 years (2009 est.)

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