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Bosnia Herzegovina General Information
 
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Bosnia Herzegovina Geography
 
 
 

General

Bosnia & Herzegovina is located in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, between Croatia and Serbia and Montenegro. Comparatively, Bosnia & Herzegovina is slightly smaller than the state of West Virginia, with a total area of 51,129 sq km (19,741 sq mi). Bosnia & Herzegovina shares boundaries with Croatia on the north, west and south, Serbia and Montenegro on the east, and the Adriatic Sea on the south, with a total boundary length of 1,389 km (863 mi). Bosnia & Herzegovina's capital city, Sarajevo, is located near the centre of the country.

The topography of Bosnia & Herzegovina features hills, mountains, and valleys. Approximately 50% of the land is forested. The country has three main geographic zones
high plains and plateaus along the northern border with Croatia, low mountains in the centre, and the higher Dinaric Alps which cover the rest of the country. Approximately 10% of the land in Bosnia & Herzegovina is arable. Bosnia & Herzegovina's natural resources include coal, iron, bauxite, manganese, timber, wood products, copper, chromium, lead and zinc. Bosnia & Herzegovina is subject to frequent and destructive earthquakes.

The climate features hot summers and cold winters. In higher elevations of the country, summers tend to be short and cold while winters tend to be long and severe. Along the coast, winters tend to be short and rainy. In July, the mean temperature is 22.5°C (72.5°F). January's mean temperature is 0°C (32°F). Annual rainfall averages roughly 62.5 cm (24.6 in).

Overview

Location
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia

Geographic coordinates
44 00 N, 18 00 E

Map references
Europe

Area
total: 51,209.2 sq km
land: 51,197 sq km
water: 12.2 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries
total: 1,538 km
border countries: Croatia 932 km, Montenegro 249 km, Serbia 357 km

Coastline
20 km

Maritime claims
no data available

Climate
hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast

Terrain
mountains and valleys

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Maglic 2,386 m


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